An expose of the inextricable link between Christianity, immigration and urban evangelization in the historical practice and academic development of North American sociology. The historical scope of the course begins with the influence of Thomas Chalmers in inner city Glasgow, Scotland and issues of poverty (1815) and ends with the demise of Christian Sociology in the ashes of the social gospel movement (1930s) in cities in the United States. Using both primary and secondary sources, students will explore the stories of key figures such as William Sumner, Albion Small, Graham Taylor, John H. W. Stuckenburg, and Charles Richmond Henderson as they struggled to develop a Christian response to the social issues of their day and sought to define Christian sociology and the academic discipline of sociology in America.
Notwithstanding the late 20th century resurgence in understanding connections between sociology and Christianity, many Christians today are unaware of both the biblical foundations of sociology and the practical application of Christianity to social issues they confront. Since much of missional practice occurs in social environments fraught with issues of immigration, poverty, economic inequality, crime & victimization, domestic and child abuse, and social justice; students gain much from a historical study of Christian social responsibility, its grounding in the biblical text, its wrestling with balancing social responsibility and evangelism, and historical approaches that led to negative consequences of both syncretism and isolationism.
In an age that is characterized by social needs, economic disparity, and poverty, evangelicals need to know how to balance social and spiritual responsibility. In addition, evangelicals need answers to the dichotomy between sociology and Christian faith and reasons why sociology and faith seem to be mutually exclusive. The purpose of this course is to facilitate an understanding of the historical relationship between social science and Christianity and the factors that created a wedge between Christianity and sociology in particular. An attempt will be made to re-fashion a biblical and Christian sociology that remains consistent to both social and spiritual responsibilities.
The historical story of American sociology begins with Christian leaders pouring of the scripture, attempting to uncover the “laws of society” that may be discerned in order to answer the social issues of their day.
It is no accident that the first Professor of Christian Sociology in America was also the firs Professor of Evangelism as well. Early American sociology was driven by the twin forces of gospel-centered mission and social concern & responsibility.
Social environments tainted by sin create locales of urban social problems that must be approached with social concern and gospel-centered witness.
Mass immigration into the northeastern cities of the United States in the early to mid nineteenth century provided the impetus for the connections between Christianity, immigration and urban evangelization that spawned deep reflection on the nature of society, its relations, and early developments of Christian sociology by missional leaders.
Applied Christianity combines deep theological reflection, earnest sociological research and understanding with gospel-centered action to address the human condition.
Students immersed in their social environments learn to see God at work in community social problems and join in the mission of God by applying gospel-centered approaches.